|Image credit: www.lankapage.com|
However I'm not going to give you a report of the rain. But as you know, there is a possibility of epidemic diseases spreading in the country due to the recent floods in various parts of the island. The Epidemiology Unit of the Ministry of Health announced the risk of the spreading of dysentery diseases, skin diseases and respiratory diseases and especially they pointed out that their could be an increase in the spread of the Influenza A (H1N1) virus.
- Water-borne diseases, such as typhoid fever, cholera, leptospirosis and hepatitis A
- Vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever, yellow fever.
Impetigo, Cellulitis, Furuncles (staphylococcal), Scabies, Lice, Athlete’s foot, Eczema, Fungi and other skin allergies.
Typhoid fever -
- High fever
- Constipation or diarrhoea
- Rose-coloured spots on the chest
- Enlarged spleen and liver.
Image via WikipediaCholera -
Symptoms usually start suddenly, one to five days after ingestion of the bacteria.
- Profuse painless diarrhoea which is "rice water" in nature and may have a fishy odor.
- Vomiting of clear fluid.
- Initial symptoms - Abrupt onset of fever, Chills, Muscle pain esp. in calf muscles and back, Headache, Cough, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhoea and Red eyes.
- Second phase of disease occurs after a short period of relative well being. They can present with; Aseptic meningitis, Myocarditis, Pneumonia, Nephritis and Hepatitis with jaundice.
- Patients may have mild flu like symptoms of anorexia, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, malaise, low-grade fever (usually <39.5°C), myalgia, and mild headache.
- Icteric phase
- Dark urine appears first (bilirubinuria).
- Pale stool.
- Jaundice occurs in most (70-85%) adults with acute hepatitis A virus infection
- Abdominal pain occurs in approximately 40% of patients.
- Itch (pruritus) is generally accompanied by jaundice.
- Arthralgias and skin rash. Rash more often occurs on the lower limbs and may have a vasculitic appearance.
Caused by single-cell parasitic protozoa Plasmodium; transmitted to humans via the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito. Parasites multiply in the liver attacking red blood cells resulting;
- Cycles of fever
Image via WikipediaThe clinical features of dengue fever vary according to the age of the patient.
- Infants and young children may have a fever with rash.
- Older children and adults may have either a mild fever or the classical incapacitating disease with abrupt onset and high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pains, and rash.
Yellow fever -
Infection can occur in one or two phases.
The first, "acute", phase usually causes;
- Muscle pain with prominent backache
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea or vomiting.
Swine flu -
It affects the upper respiratory tract and its symptoms are similar to that of the Human Influenza Virus.
- Sore throat
- Fever with chills
- Aching limbs
- Running nose
- Pneumonia and respiratory failure [signs of a more serious swine flu infection]
1. Hygiene and clean water:
Cleanliness is the most important aspect of protection against diseases. Clean food, air and surroundings are all essential aspects.
-Drink boiled water only.
-Wash vegetables with clean water and steam them well to kill germs.
-Avoid eating uncooked foods and salads.
-Drink plenty of water and keep your body well hydrated.
-Do not allow kids to play in stagnant polluted water filled puddles.
-Always wear dry and clean clothes.
-Lime juice, Cloves will help to prevent GIT infections like Cholera, Dysentery etc.
2. Vector control:
Insect repellants may be used.
-Fumigating the house with smoke of dried Neem leaves in evenings for 1-2 minutes is an excellent ayurvedic method to keep mosquitoes away.
-Tulsi is also used as a mosquito repellant.
3. Control of Skin diseases:
Walking in dirty water during rainy season leads to numerous fungal infections which affect toes and nails. Diabetic patients have to take a special care about their feet.
-Always keep your feet dry and clean.
-Avoid walking in dirty water.
-Keep your shoes, socks and raincoats dry and clean.
-Drying clothes with fumes of Loban and dry Neem leaves is recommended in ayurvedic texts.
-Apply castor oil or sesame oil for cracked feet and skin.
-A freshly prepared paste of turmeric, neem and sesame seeds is recommended in Ayurveda for fungal infection between toes.
4. Control of respiratory diseases:
Precautions have to be taken to prevent dampness and growth of fungus (mold) on and around the house especially where asthmatic patients live.
-Spray the walls with cinnamon to prevent mold growth.
-A pinch each of long pepper powder and rock salt mixed in warm water reduces cough.
-Ginger tea is good in boosting immunity as well as digesting toxins.
Herbs and drugs that can be used in epidemics:
- Cumin, Fennel, Coriander, Turmeric, Ginger and Asafoetida are good immune boosters in any condition.
- Nawarathna Kalka - Diarrhea, Abdominal pain and vomiting
- Buddaraja Kalka - Cough, Breathlessness and Bronchial Asthma
- Seetharama Vati, Sudardhana powder- Fever
- Sarvavishadi Thailaya- Boils abscesses, Ulcers, Skin ailments
Finally I would like to thank my dear friend who reinforced me to share this post with you.
Dr. Indunil Weerarathne