Saturday, June 26, 2010

Specialities of Tridosha Theory in Ayurveda: [Conclusion of Poona conference]

1. Dosha - Dhatu - Mala Vijnana [knowledge of Tridosha] is the foundation of the whole Ayurveda. Its embryological, anatomical, physiological, pathological & therapeutical conceptions rest upon this foundation.

2. The tridosha Theory is very wide in its application. It is applicable to every living entity from microbes to men. The Ayurvedic sholars have applied it to elephants, horses, cows, plants. In other words, this theory has been applied to & it explains every aspect of the phenomenon of life.

3. Tridoshas are present in every cell as well as moving through every channel of the body. Thereby they perform bodily & mental functions of every individual. Thus this theory explains an indissoluble connection between the Doshas & the mental functions as well.

4. To achieve this end, the Doshas act through several specialized apparatuses, which are more & more integrate anatomically, when we come up the ladder of life.

5. The functions of these Doshas in health & disease reveal themselves in an admirable way, when they are collected from extant Ayurvedic literature  & classified in terms of modern science.

6. When such collection is made, we find that at least 141 normal functions &832 abnormal symptoms of Vayu can be attributed to the Vayu acting through the Nervous system [Vata sansthana - Vayu Apparatus]

7. All the physiological aspects of the human body can be divided under these 4 sections-
  • Neuromuscular physiology
  • Physiology of respiration, circulation, digestion & secretion
  • Metabolism: functions of ductless glands & reproduction
  • Physiology of nervous system & special senses
8. Functions of Doshas-
  1. Prana Vayu:
  • Mental functions
  • functions of the special senses
  • Functions of heart, lungs deglutition
    2 . Udana Vayu:
  • Speech 
    3. Samana Vayu:
  • food
    4. Apanaa Vayu:
  • excretion of urine, menstrual blood, faeces & foetus
    5. Vyana Vayu:
  • Circulatory functions
  • Locomotion
  • Sensation
   6. Pachaka Pitta:
  • Digestive secretions of digestive tract
  • Enzymes of the tissues
   7. Ranjaka Pitta:
  • Hematopoietic principle in the liver
   8. Alochaka Pitta:
  • Visual purple of the retina
   9. Sadhaka Pitta:
  • Different Hormones
 10. Bhrajaka Pitta:
  • Substances in the skin regulations
  • Surface temperature
  • Absorption of oil & ointments
  • Complexion
  11. Avalambhaka Kapha:
  • Pleural & pericardial fluid
  • Mucus secretion of the respiratory tract
  12. Kledaka Kapha:
  • Mucus secretion of the digestive tract
  13. Bodhaka Kapha:
  • Mucus secretion of the mouth
 14. Shleshaka Kapha:
  • Synovial fluids
  15. Tarpaka Kapha:
  • Cerebrospinal fluid
Abstracted by "Dosha - Dhatu - Mala Vijnana" Dr.R.R.Patak

Dr. Indunil Weerarathne

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